The Aztecs were not simple village people, but occupied a large City-State much like Greece and Rome. 

Like Egypt they used funerary jars and mummification, they built Pyramids;  and had scientific knowledge well beyond their time.  They created astronomical Calendar systems  that is still unsurpassed. 

And; their  rulers were the living embodiment of their Gods; and carried with them; not only the hand of the  Law; but the forces of nature and the will of God.

The Three main Gods of the Aztec are:  HUITZILOPOCHTLI* ,
TLALOC
*  and  QUETZALCOATL*. 

I will have more details about each of them and the Aztec Human Sacrifice;  following the list of all of the Aztec Gods that I could find.
ACOLMIZTLI

A God of the underworld.

ACOLNAHUACAT
Another God of the underworld.

AH HOYA

Called  (he who urinates) as another name for the Rain god Tlaloc.

AH TZENUL

Called (he who gives food to others) referring to the fertility aspect of the nature and rain god.  Sometimes considered an aspect of Tlaloc.

AMIMITL

God of lakes.

APANECATL

He was called  Water Headdress and was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

ATL

God of water.

ATLAU

God of fisherman and water. Called 'Lord of the Waters'. Associated with the arrow.

AXOLOA

He was considered by some as be one of four God  bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

CAMAXTLI*?*

God of war, hunting and fate. Creator of fire. Along with three other gods created the world

CENTEOT

He was the corn god. He was a son of Tlazolteotl and the husband of Xochiquetzal.

CENTZONUITZNAUA

Gods of the southern stars. Rebel brothers of the sun god Huitzilopochtli.

CHALCHIUHTLATONAL

Another God of water.

CHALCHIUHTLICUE

The goddess of rivers and  running Water. She is represented by the snake. She was the sister of Tlaloc the rain god.

Lady Precious Green (She Who Wears a Jade Skirt.  Goddess of storms and water. Personification of youthful beauty, vitality and violence. In some illustrations she is shown holding the head of Tlazolteotl, the goddess of the witches, between her legs. Chalchihuitlcue is the whirlpool, the wind on the waters, all young and growing things, the beginning of life and creation. She is sometimes confused with Matlalcueye (She Who Wears a Green Skirt),who is the Wife of Tlaloc. 

CHALCHIUTOTOLIN

God of pestilence.

CHALMECACIHUILT

A Goddess of the underworld.

CHALMECATL

Another god of the underworld.

CHIMALMA

He was called the Shield Hand and was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

CHANTICO

The goddess of Hearth Fires and Volcanoes.

CHICOMECOATL

The goddess of Corn and Fertility.

CHICOMEXOCHTLI*?*

God of painters.

CHICONAHUI

Hearth Goddess and guardian of the household.

CIHUACAOTYL

An Earth mother Goddess goddess whose roaring signaled War. Patron of childbirth and those who died while giving birth. Often portrayed with a child in her arms.

CINTEOTL

The corn god, the giver of food, god of fertility and regeneration. Cinteotl is protected by the rain gods Tlaloc and Chalchihuitlcue.

CITLALATONAC

God who created the stars with Citlalicue.

CITLALICUE

Creator Goddess. With Citlalatonac, created the stars.

CIUCOATL

Goddess of the earth.

COATLICUE

She of the Serpent Skirt. Goddess who was mother earth.  She gave birth the moon, Coyolxauhqui, and the stars called, Centzonhuitznahuac, and then to the great Sun god Huitzilopochtli.

COCHIMETL 

God of merchants and commerce.

COYOLXAUHQUI

Goddess of the moon and earth. Posesses magical powers with which she can cause great harm.  She was the jealous sister of  Huitzilopochtli.

CUAUHCOATL (Quauhtlonquetzque)

The Eagle Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 


EHECATL

The Lord of the Winds, he can bring life to all that is lifeless. He represents the forth  month in the Aztec calendar.  Ehecatl is depicted as an earth monster, a cross between an alligator and a toad. Usually wearing a mask with a pointed snout covering his lower face. Temples to Ehecatl were circular as the god of wind could blow or breath in any direction.

EUEUCOYOTL (Ueuecoytl)

The Old, Old Coyote. Associated with gaiety and sex. A god of spontaneity, of ostentatious ornament, of unexpected pleasure and sorrow. A trickster and troublemaker. Considered unlucky.

HOPOP CAAN

Called (he who lights up the sky) representing the aspetc of the rain god making storms, thunder and Lightning.

HUEHUETEOTL

"the old, old deity," was one of the names of the cult of fire, among the oldest in Mesoamerica. The maintenance of fires in the temples was a principal priestly duty, and the renewal of fire was identified with the renewal of time itself.


God of war, son of Coatlicue. Principal god of the Aztecs. When Coatlicue became pregnant with Huitzilopochtli, her daughter Coyolxauhqui incited her brothers, the Centzon Huitznahua (the Four Hundred Stars) to destroy Coatlicue, because her pregnancy brought disgrace on the family.

Still in the womb, Huitzilopochtli swore to defend his mother and immediately on being born put on battle armor and war paint. After defeating the Four Hundred Stars, Huitzilopochtli slew his sister and cast her down the hill at Templo Mayor where her body broke to pieces on striking the bottom.

Priests at Templo Mayor killed prisoners in the same way, these sacrifices being replicas of mythical events designed to keep the daily battle between day and night and the birth of the God of War ever in the minds of the people. Often considered equal to or synonomous with QUETZALCOATL. 

HUIXTOCIHUATL

She is the goddess of salt and is considered essential in preserving life. She is the elder sister of Tlaloc.

ITZCOLIUHQUI

The Twisted Obsidian One, the God of the Curved Obsidian Blade. God of darkness and destruction. Blinded and cast down from the heavens, Itzcoliuhqui strikes out randomly at his victims.

ITZLI 
Stone knife god, and god of sacrifice.

ITZPZPALOTL

A goddess of Agriculture representing famine and death shown as Vulture. Obsidian Butterfly. Beautiful, demonic, armed with the claws of a jaguar. The female counterpart of Itzcoliuhqui.

ITZPZPALOTL

A goddess of Agriculture representing famine and death shown as Vulture. Obsidian Butterfly. Beautiful, demonic, armed with the claws of a jaguar. The female counterpart of Itzcoliuhqui.

IXTLILTON

The god of Healing, Feasting, and Games.

IZTAMIXCOATZIN

The White Cloud Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

MACUILXOCHITL

The god of Music and Dance.

MALINALXOCHI

Sorceress Goddess with power over scorpions, snakes and other stinging, biting insects of the desert.

MATALCUEYE
(She Who Wears a Green Skirt),She  is corn Goddess of the harvest; and of freshwater lakes and streams; and is the second Wife of Tlaloc. 

MAYAHUEL

She was a goddess of maguey that watches over graves and is represented by the rabbit.

METZTLI

The Moon god.

MICTLANTECIHUATL

The lady and goddess of Mictlan and the Realm of the Dead.

MICTLANTECUHTLE

The god of the dead; he is a guardian and spirit guide.

MICTLAN:

Below the world of living men there are nine underworlds, the lowest of which is Mictlan, the Land of the Dead ruled by Mictlantechupi and his consort Mictlancihuntl.  It was where the souls of those killed by lightning, dropsy, skin diseases and those sacrificed to Tlaloc went.

Souls who win no merit in life come here after death, but they do not suffer as in the Christian hell. Instead they merely endure a rather drab and colorless existence before passing again into the world of the living.

As a man disappears into the West, the direction of the dead, the seeds of his rebirth are sown. The underworld and home of all the dead except warriors and women who died in labor.

MIXCOATL

God of the hunt and war.

NANAUATZIN

God who sacrificed himself in a fire so that the sun could shine on the world.

OCOCALTZIN

He was considered by some, to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

OMETECUHLTI

Is the god of Duality. He; with his wife, created all life in the world.

OMECIHUATL

She Is the goddess of Duality. She; with her husband, created all life in the world.

OMETEOTL

"God of the Near and Close," "He Who Is at the Center," the god above all, the being both male and female who created all life and existence. Ometeotl is dualistic, embodying both male and female, light and dark, positive and negative, yes and no. Ometoetol occupies Omeyocan.

OMEYOCAN:

Is the highest of the Aztecs' thirteen heavens, and the four heavens immediately below Omeyocan are a mystery about which no one knows very much.  Below the five highest heavens is a region of strife and tempest, where Ometeotl breaks into his many facets or aspects.

PATECATLl

The god of Brewery, drink and Medicine.

PAYNAL

The messenger to Huitzilopochtli.


The Feathered Serpent. The Precious Twin who lifts the sun out of darkness, god of the winds and the breath of life, First Lord of the Toltecs. Lawgiver, civilizer, creator of the calender.

Demons tempted Quetzalcoatl constantly to commit murder and human sacrifice, but his love was too great for him to succumb. To atone for great sins, Quetzcoatl threw himself on into a funeral pyre, where his ashes rose to the heavens as a flock of birds carrying his heart to the star Venus.  A frieze in the palace at Teotihuacan shows his first entry into the world in the shape of a chrysalis, from which he struggles to emerge as a butterfly, the symbol of perfection.

Quetzalcoatl is by far the most compassionate of the Azec gods -- he only demands one human sacrifice a year.

TECCIZTECATL

He is a moon god protecting the night; But is also a God of Death; and a grim reaper that comes in the night.

TEOYAOMQU *?*

God of dead warriors.

TEPEYOLLOTL

God of caves and the earth. Believed to create earthquakes and the echo. He is one of  the Jaguar Gods,May also be a god of the Maya.

TETEOINNAN

One of the mother s of the gods.

TEZACOATL

The Mirror Serpent may have also been an aspect Tezcatlopoca, Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

TEZCATLIPOCA (Tezcztlipoca)

The Prince of This World and Ruler over the early years of a man's life.  The name refers to the black obsidian mirrors used by magicians which become cloudy when scrying; and so is called  the Mirror that Smokes, the One Always at the Shoulder, the Shadow.  A god of wealth and power, his favors can only be won by those willing to face his terrors.  A trickster, revered particularly by soldiers and magicians.

TEOYAOMQUI

He is the god of dead warriors; particularly those killed in battle.

TEPEYOLLOTLI

He is an early earth-fertility god particularly protects the homstead.

TLAHUIXCALPANTECUHTLITl*?*

God of the dawn and Venus as the morning star. An aspect of Quetzalcoatl.


He is  the great rain and fertility god.  represented by Lightening, ,and the Lord of the East.   He lived at Tlalocan with the corn goddesses. One of the four Bacabs Cocijo of the Zapotec. He is also associated with the wind god.  

TLALOCHAN:

Kingdom of Tlaloc, a heaven of sensual delights, of rainbows, butterflies and flowers, of simple-minded and shallow pleasures. Souls spend only four years here before returning to the land of the living. Unless it strives for higher and nobler things while living, a soul is destined for this endless round of mortal life and Tlalocan.  When a life had been particularly evil, a soul might journey instead to Mictlan. It was the paradise ruled by Tlaloc.

TLALTECUHTLIl*?*

Monster earth god.

TLAZOLTEOTL

She was the goddess of fertility and  licentiousness. Eater of filth, devourer of sins, goddess of witches and witchcraft. Tlazolteotl has power over all forms of unclean behavior, usually sexual. Confessing sins to Tlazolteotl, one is cleansed.

The goddess has four forms or aspects, corresponding to the phases of the moon: a young and carefree temptress, the lover of Quetzalcoatl; the Goddess of gambling and uncertainty; the Great Priestess who consumes and destroys the sins of mankind; and frightful old crone, persecutor and destroyer of youth. She is represented by an oscelot.

TLILLAN-TLAPALLAN:

The land of the fleshless. The Land of the Black and Red, the colors signifying wisdom. A paradise for those who successfully follow the teachings of Quetzalcoatl. Those souls who come to Tlillan-Tlapallan have learned to live without fleshly bodies, a state greatly to be desired.

TONACATECUHTLI

He was a fertility god; of young plant growth; and providor of food, the husband of Xilonen.

TONATIUH

He was a sun-god, and heavenly warrior; God of the Sun represented by the eagle.  Poor and ill, Tonatiuh cast himself into the flames, and being burnt up, was resurrected. Daily Tonatiuh repeats his passage across the heavens, down into darkness, and back again into the sky. With him Tonatiuh carries all brave warriors who have died in battle and all brave women who have died in childbirth. The greatest heroes Tonatiuh carries with him to the greatest heights. to Tonatiuhican.

TONATIUHICAN:

The House of the Sun, dwell those who have won even greater enlightenment than those who dwell in Tlillan-Tlapallan. represented by the eagle.

TZITZIMIME*?*

God of the stars.

XILONEN

She was the goddess of young maize. She was a wife of Tezcatlipoca. Called 'the hairy one' for the tassels of the corn.

XIPE TOTEC

God of agriculture, spring and the turning of the seasons. He was a god of spring and the time of planting and seedlings. As Lord of the Spring, god of newly planted seed and of pentitential torture. AHe was a pockmarked saviour who tears out his eyes and flays himself in penance to the gods, thus persuading the gods to give maize to men.  After he shed his skin, (as a maize seed loses it's outer skin) he appeared as a shining, golden god God.

XIUHCOATL *?*

Fire-snake. God of drought and scorched earth.

XIUHTECUHTLI

He is a fire God and Lord of fire, Lord of the Pole Star, pivot of the universe, one of the forms of the Supreme Deity. The lord of every flame, from those which burn in the temples to those which burn in the lowliest huts.

XOCHIPILLI

He was the god of young maize;  feasting, music and celebration of the first harvest.

XOCHIQUETZAL

She is a nature Goddess of beauty and is called the flower goddess. Goddess of birds, butterflies, song, dance and love. Also a protector of artisans, prostitutes, pregnant women and birth. She; like Persephone, was kidnapped and taken from her husband, Tlaloc, to the underworld by Tezcatlipoca a lord of the underworld.

XOLOTL

He is the God of twins; and is Quetzalcoatl's deformed twin. He is depicted as a skeleton or a man with the head of a dog. The god with backward feet who brought Man and Fire from the underworlds. Bringer of misfortune. The evil aspect of the star Venus.

XONECUILLI

Lightning as it contains a serpentine shape was also associated with this god in the name.


YACATECUHTLI

He was the god of good fortune in commerce or merchant endeavors.
HUITZILOPOCHTLI*



God of the SUN
and War-Lord of the South. 
He was the young Warrior Lord of the Day.

Important Gods of the Aztecs are often represented by  Birds; who fly free to the heavens.  All have been shown as an Eagle.

Huitzilopochtli was particularly  represented by the  "The Blue Heron Bird", sometimes seen as a colorful  Macaw".  The derivation of his name may have come from the ancient Chichimeca "Tetzauhteotl", possibly meaning "Omen-God"

Huitzilopochtli's creation may also  have come from the ancient Mexica god "Opochtli", the Left Handed One, and a leading old Chichimec god of weapons and water. He was called "He Who Divides the Waters", and was principal in worship in the Huitzilopochco area and it's famous waters. Opochtli is thought to have been worshipped in ancient Aztlan (ancient Mexico).

He is considered an incarnation of the sun and struggles with the forces of night to keep mankind alive. Only to have found a place of major worship among the Aztec peoples. Huitzilopochtli is credited with inducing the Aztecs to migrate from their homeland in "Aztlan" and begin the long wanderings which brought their tribe to the Mexico Valley.

Huitzilopochtli  was carried during the wandering years by four God "bearers" and he is represented as a combination hummingbird and serpent tail being carried seated on a blue wooden bench in the form of a liter. The liter poles contained images of serpents long enough to be carried on the shoulder of men.

Huitzilopochtli is said to be a representation of Tezcatlipoca in midsummer as the high sun in the southern sky. His name may have derived with his association with the color blue as when staring at the sun, spots of blue are seen by the eyes after looking away. His association with "on the left", was because when facing in the direction of the sun's path, east to west, the sun passed on the left. He resides in the seventh heaven of Aztec mythology. The seventh heaven is represented as blue.

According to Aztec legend, Coatlicue, goddess of the earth had given birth to the moon and stars. The moon, Coyolxauhqui, and the stars called, Centzonhuitznahuac, became jealous of Coatlicue's pregnancy with Huitzilopochtli. During his birth, Huitzilopochtli used the "serpent of fire" and the sun's rays to defeat the moon and stars. Every day the battle continues between day and night. The people saw the sunrise as a daily victory for this deity over the forces of darkness.

Huitzilopochtli can only be fed by Chalchihuatl, or the blood of sacrifice, to sustain him in his daily battle.

His temple on the great Pyramid in Tenochtitlan was called Lihuicatl Xoxouqui, or "Blue Heaven" was the focus of fearsome sacrifices of prisoners captured by Aztec warriors. Victims' heads were strung as trophies on a great rack, the Tzompantli, erected in the precinct below.  Over 20,000 victims are thought to have been ritually killed at the opening of his great temple during a four day period.
Note: The Aztec language is a phoenetic language and
there may be various different spellings for the same God.
I also  suspect that a few of the names have either been made up by someone or are mis-spelled. I have included
them,  But, since I cannot confirm their correctness from a
seondary source; they are marked with this           symbol.  The homelands of the Gods are Italicised:
ACOLMIZTLI

A God of the underworld.

ACOLNAHUACAT
Another God of the underworld.

AH HOYA

Called  (he who urinates) as another name for the Rain god Tlaloc.

AH TZENUL

Called (he who gives food to others) referring to the fertility aspect of the nature and rain god.  Sometimes considered an aspect of Tlaloc.

AMIMITL

God of lakes.

APANECATL

He was called  Water Headdress and was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

ATL

God of water.

ATLAU

God of fisherman and water. Called 'Lord of the Waters'. Associated with the arrow.

AXOLOA

He was considered by some as be one of four God  bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

CAMAXTLI*?*

God of war, hunting and fate. Creator of fire. Along with three other gods created the world

CENTEOT

He was the corn god. He was a son of Tlazolteotl and the husband of Xochiquetzal.

CENTZONUITZNAUA

Gods of the southern stars. Rebel brothers of the sun god Huitzilopochtli.

CHALCHIUHTLATONAL

Another God of water.

CHALCHIUHTLICUE

The goddess of rivers and  running Water. She is represented by the snake. She was the sister of Tlaloc the rain god.

Lady Precious Green (She Who Wears a Jade Skirt.  Goddess of storms and water. Personification of youthful beauty, vitality and violence. In some illustrations she is shown holding the head of Tlazolteotl, the goddess of the witches, between her legs. Chalchihuitlcue is the whirlpool, the wind on the waters, all young and growing things, the beginning of life and creation. She is sometimes confused with Matlalcueye (She Who Wears a Green Skirt),who is the Wife of Tlaloc. 

CHALCHIUTOTOLIN

God of pestilence.

CHALMECACIHUILT

A Goddess of the underworld.

CHALMECATL

Another god of the underworld.

CHIMALMA

He was called the Shield Hand and was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

CHANTICO

The goddess of Hearth Fires and Volcanoes.

CHICOMECOATL

The goddess of Corn and Fertility.

CHICOMEXOCHTLI*?*

God of painters.

CHICONAHUI

Hearth Goddess and guardian of the household.

CIHUACAOTYL

An Earth mother Goddess goddess whose roaring signaled War. Patron of childbirth and those who died while giving birth. Often portrayed with a child in her arms.

CINTEOTL

The corn god, the giver of food, god of fertility and regeneration. Cinteotl is protected by the rain gods Tlaloc and Chalchihuitlcue.

CITLALATONAC

God who created the stars with Citlalicue.

CITLALICUE

Creator Goddess. With Citlalatonac, created the stars.

CIUCOATL

Goddess of the earth.

COATLICUE

She of the Serpent Skirt. Goddess who was mother earth.  She gave birth the moon, Coyolxauhqui, and the stars called, Centzonhuitznahuac, and then to the great Sun god Huitzilopochtli.

COCHIMETL 

God of merchants and commerce.

COYOLXAUHQUI

Goddess of the moon and earth. Posesses magical powers with which she can cause great harm.  She was the jealous sister of  Huitzilopochtli.

CUAUHCOATL (Quauhtlonquetzque)

The Eagle Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 


EHECATL

The Lord of the Winds, he can bring life to all that is lifeless. He represents the forth  month in the Aztec calendar.  Ehecatl is depicted as an earth monster, a cross between an alligator and a toad. Usually wearing a mask with a pointed snout covering his lower face. Temples to Ehecatl were circular as the god of wind could blow or breath in any direction.

EUEUCOYOTL (Ueuecoytl)

The Old, Old Coyote. Associated with gaiety and sex. A god of spontaneity, of ostentatious ornament, of unexpected pleasure and sorrow. A trickster and troublemaker. Considered unlucky.

HOPOP CAAN

Called (he who lights up the sky) representing the aspetc of the rain god making storms, thunder and Lightning.

HUEHUETEOTL

"the old, old deity," was one of the names of the cult of fire, among the oldest in Mesoamerica. The maintenance of fires in the temples was a principal priestly duty, and the renewal of fire was identified with the renewal of time itself.


God of war, son of Coatlicue. Principal god of the Aztecs. When Coatlicue became pregnant with Huitzilopochtli, her daughter Coyolxauhqui incited her brothers, the Centzon Huitznahua (the Four Hundred Stars) to destroy Coatlicue, because her pregnancy brought disgrace on the family.

Still in the womb, Huitzilopochtli swore to defend his mother and immediately on being born put on battle armor and war paint. After defeating the Four Hundred Stars, Huitzilopochtli slew his sister and cast her down the hill at Templo Mayor where her body broke to pieces on striking the bottom.

Priests at Templo Mayor killed prisoners in the same way, these sacrifices being replicas of mythical events designed to keep the daily battle between day and night and the birth of the God of War ever in the minds of the people. Often considered equal to or synonomous with QUETZALCOATL. 

HUIXTOCIHUATL

She is the goddess of salt and is considered essential in preserving life. She is the elder sister of Tlaloc.

ITZCOLIUHQUI

The Twisted Obsidian One, the God of the Curved Obsidian Blade. God of darkness and destruction. Blinded and cast down from the heavens, Itzcoliuhqui strikes out randomly at his victims.

ITZLI 
Stone knife god, and god of sacrifice.

ITZPZPALOTL

A goddess of Agriculture representing famine and death shown as Vulture. Obsidian Butterfly. Beautiful, demonic, armed with the claws of a jaguar. The female counterpart of Itzcoliuhqui.

ITZPZPALOTL

A goddess of Agriculture representing famine and death shown as Vulture. Obsidian Butterfly. Beautiful, demonic, armed with the claws of a jaguar. The female counterpart of Itzcoliuhqui.

IXTLILTON

The god of Healing, Feasting, and Games.

IZTAMIXCOATZIN

The White Cloud Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

MACUILXOCHITL

The god of Music and Dance.

MALINALXOCHI

Sorceress Goddess with power over scorpions, snakes and other stinging, biting insects of the desert.

MATALCUEYE
(She Who Wears a Green Skirt),She  is corn Goddess of the harvest; and of freshwater lakes and streams; and is the second Wife of Tlaloc. 

MAYAHUEL

She was a goddess of maguey that watches over graves and is represented by the rabbit.

METZTLI

The Moon god.

MICTLANTECIHUATL

The lady and goddess of Mictlan and the Realm of the Dead.

MICTLANTECUHTLE

The god of the dead; he is a guardian and spirit guide.

MICTLAN:

Below the world of living men there are nine underworlds, the lowest of which is Mictlan, the Land of the Dead ruled by Mictlantechupi and his consort Mictlancihuntl.  It was where the souls of those killed by lightning, dropsy, skin diseases and those sacrificed to Tlaloc went.

Souls who win no merit in life come here after death, but they do not suffer as in the Christian hell. Instead they merely endure a rather drab and colorless existence before passing again into the world of the living.

As a man disappears into the West, the direction of the dead, the seeds of his rebirth are sown. The underworld and home of all the dead except warriors and women who died in labor.

MIXCOATL

God of the hunt and war.

NANAUATZIN

God who sacrificed himself in a fire so that the sun could shine on the world.

OCOCALTZIN

He was considered by some, to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

OMETECUHLTI

Is the god of Duality. He; with his wife, created all life in the world.

OMECIHUATL

She Is the goddess of Duality. She; with her husband, created all life in the world.

OMETEOTL

"God of the Near and Close," "He Who Is at the Center," the god above all, the being both male and female who created all life and existence. Ometeotl is dualistic, embodying both male and female, light and dark, positive and negative, yes and no. Ometoetol occupies Omeyocan.

OMEYOCAN:

Is the highest of the Aztecs' thirteen heavens, and the four heavens immediately below Omeyocan are a mystery about which no one knows very much.  Below the five highest heavens is a region of strife and tempest, where Ometeotl breaks into his many facets or aspects.

PATECATLl

The god of Brewery, drink and Medicine.

PAYNAL

The messenger to Huitzilopochtli.


The Feathered Serpent. The Precious Twin who lifts the sun out of darkness, god of the winds and the breath of life, First Lord of the Toltecs. Lawgiver, civilizer, creator of the calender.

Demons tempted Quetzalcoatl constantly to commit murder and human sacrifice, but his love was too great for him to succumb. To atone for great sins, Quetzcoatl threw himself on into a funeral pyre, where his ashes rose to the heavens as a flock of birds carrying his heart to the star Venus.  A frieze in the palace at Teotihuacan shows his first entry into the world in the shape of a chrysalis, from which he struggles to emerge as a butterfly, the symbol of perfection.

Quetzalcoatl is by far the most compassionate of the Azec gods -- he only demands one human sacrifice a year.

TECCIZTECATL

He is a moon god protecting the night; But is also a God of Death; and a grim reaper that comes in the night.

TEOYAOMQU *?*

God of dead warriors.

TEPEYOLLOTL

God of caves and the earth. Believed to create earthquakes and the echo. He is one of  the Jaguar Gods,May also be a god of the Maya.

TETEOINNAN

One of the mother s of the gods.

TEZACOATL

The Mirror Serpent may have also been an aspect Tezcatlopoca, Serpent  was considered to be one of four Gods who were the bearers of Huitzilopochtli. 

TEZCATLIPOCA (Tezcztlipoca)

The Prince of This World and Ruler over the early years of a man's life.  The name refers to the black obsidian mirrors used by magicians which become cloudy when scrying; and so is called  the Mirror that Smokes, the One Always at the Shoulder, the Shadow.  A god of wealth and power, his favors can only be won by those willing to face his terrors.  A trickster, revered particularly by soldiers and magicians.

TEOYAOMQUI

He is the god of dead warriors; particularly those killed in battle.

TEPEYOLLOTLI

He is an early earth-fertility god particularly protects the homstead.

TLAHUIXCALPANTECUHTLITl*?*

God of the dawn and Venus as the morning star. An aspect of Quetzalcoatl.


He is  the great rain and fertility god.  represented by Lightening, ,and the Lord of the East.   He lived at Tlalocan with the corn goddesses. One of the four Bacabs Cocijo of the Zapotec. He is also associated with the wind god.  

TLALOCHAN:

Kingdom of Tlaloc, a heaven of sensual delights, of rainbows, butterflies and flowers, of simple-minded and shallow pleasures. Souls spend only four years here before returning to the land of the living. Unless it strives for higher and nobler things while living, a soul is destined for this endless round of mortal life and Tlalocan.  When a life had been particularly evil, a soul might journey instead to Mictlan. It was the paradise ruled by Tlaloc.

TLALTECUHTLIl*?*

Monster earth god.

TLAZOLTEOTL

She was the goddess of fertility and  licentiousness. Eater of filth, devourer of sins, goddess of witches and witchcraft. Tlazolteotl has power over all forms of unclean behavior, usually sexual. Confessing sins to Tlazolteotl, one is cleansed.

The goddess has four forms or aspects, corresponding to the phases of the moon: a young and carefree temptress, the lover of Quetzalcoatl; the Goddess of gambling and uncertainty; the Great Priestess who consumes and destroys the sins of mankind; and frightful old crone, persecutor and destroyer of youth. She is represented by an oscelot.

TLILLAN-TLAPALLAN:

The land of the fleshless. The Land of the Black and Red, the colors signifying wisdom. A paradise for those who successfully follow the teachings of Quetzalcoatl. Those souls who come to Tlillan-Tlapallan have learned to live without fleshly bodies, a state greatly to be desired.

TONACATECUHTLI

He was a fertility god; of young plant growth; and providor of food, the husband of Xilonen.

TONATIUH

He was a sun-god, and heavenly warrior; God of the Sun represented by the eagle.  Poor and ill, Tonatiuh cast himself into the flames, and being burnt up, was resurrected. Daily Tonatiuh repeats his passage across the heavens, down into darkness, and back again into the sky. With him Tonatiuh carries all brave warriors who have died in battle and all brave women who have died in childbirth. The greatest heroes Tonatiuh carries with him to the greatest heights. to Tonatiuhican.

TONATIUHICAN:

The House of the Sun, dwell those who have won even greater enlightenment than those who dwell in Tlillan-Tlapallan. represented by the eagle.

TZITZIMIME*?*

God of the stars.

XILONEN

She was the goddess of young maize. She was a wife of Tezcatlipoca. Called 'the hairy one' for the tassels of the corn.

XIPE TOTEC

God of agriculture, spring and the turning of the seasons. He was a god of spring and the time of planting and seedlings. As Lord of the Spring, god of newly planted seed and of pentitential torture. AHe was a pockmarked saviour who tears out his eyes and flays himself in penance to the gods, thus persuading the gods to give maize to men.  After he shed his skin, (as a maize seed loses it's outer skin) he appeared as a shining, golden god God.

XIUHCOATL *?*

Fire-snake. God of drought and scorched earth.

XIUHTECUHTLI

He is a fire God and Lord of fire, Lord of the Pole Star, pivot of the universe, one of the forms of the Supreme Deity. The lord of every flame, from those which burn in the temples to those which burn in the lowliest huts.

XOCHIPILLI

He was the god of young maize;  feasting, music and celebration of the first harvest.

XOCHIQUETZAL

She is a nature Goddess of beauty and is called the flower goddess. Goddess of birds, butterflies, song, dance and love. Also a protector of artisans, prostitutes, pregnant women and birth. She; like Persephone, was kidnapped and taken from her husband, Tlaloc, to the underworld by Tezcatlipoca a lord of the underworld.

XOLOTL

He is the God of twins; and is Quetzalcoatl's deformed twin. He is depicted as a skeleton or a man with the head of a dog. The god with backward feet who brought Man and Fire from the underworlds. Bringer of misfortune. The evil aspect of the star Venus.

XONECUILLI

Lightning as it contains a serpentine shape was also associated with this god in the name.


YACATECUHTLI

He was the god of good fortune in commerce or merchant endeavors.
Summoning Spirit
The Aztecs were not simple village people, but occupied a large City-State much like Greece and Rome. 

Like Egypt they used funerary jars and mummification, they built Pyramids;  and had scientific knowledge well beyond their time.  They created astronomical Calendar systems  that is still unsurpassed. 

And; their  rulers were the living embodiment of their Gods; and carried with them; not only the hand of the  Law; but the forces of nature and the will of God.

The Three main Gods of the Aztec are:  HUITZILOPOCHTLI* ,
TLALOC
*  and  QUETZALCOATL*. 

I will have more details about each of them and the Aztec Human Sacrifice;  following the list of all of the Aztec Gods that I could find.
*?*
SACRIFICE

It is estimated that approximately 20,000 people per year were sacrificed by the Aztec royalty. Captives were taken to the top of pyramids where, upon a ritual flat stone table, they had their chests cut upon and their hearts ripped out. Then the bodies of the victims were tossed down the steps of the pyramids. The scene to both the Spaniards of that time and to us today is truly gruesome.

The Aztec also used a game to pick which  slaves would be used for their sacrifices. To the Aztecs it was a honor to be sacrificed.  The Ball game was a sacred Aztec rite after which the losing team was not sacrificed to the gods but  the winning team was.

There was another aspect  of  the ritual sacrifices was cannibalism. After the hearts were removed and the bodies tossed down the temple steps, the limbs were removed and later cooked. To the Aztecs, cooked human bodies were looked upon as great delicacies; and only Aztec royalty, not the common people, were allowed to engage in cannibalism. The favorite parts for the Aztecs were the hands and thighs. The Aztec  Emperor, Moctezuma, was reported to have been partial to cooked thighs served with tomatoes and chili pepper sauce.

                                                            


                                                                                                     TLALOC*


In the divinatory calendars, Tlaloc was the eighth ruler of the days and the ninth lord of the nights. 

He is the Aztec god of rain and fertility, his name means "He Who Makes Things Sprout." Tlaloc's cult was considered extremely important and had spread throughout Mexico. Tlaloc was greatly feared. He could send out the rain or provoke drought and hunger. He hurled lightning upon the earth and unleashed the devastating hurricanes; both floods and droughts.  Certain illnesses, such as dropsy, leprosy, and rheumatism, were said to be caused by Tlaloc and his fellow deities.  Although a beneficent god Tlaloc certainly had the power to unleash floods, lightning and drought when angry.

It required regular human sacrifice to appease him. To please him children were sacrificed to him as well as prisoners dressed in his image. It is said that the more the babies and children cried the more Tlaloc was pleased. During the sacrifice the tears of the screaming children were seen as representations of falling rain, the more the children cried, the better the rain season.  The Children to be sacrificed were brought to near hysteria before they were drown as sacrifices.

But; for the Aztec human sacrifice was not a cruel punishment as it would seem; but merely a gateway to the afterlife. Tlaloc ruled over the third of the five worlds in Aztec belief: Tlalochan. This  Kingdom of Tlaloc  was the paradise ruled by Tlaloc. It was where the souls of those killed by lightning, dropsy, skin diseases and those sacrificed to Tlaloc went upon death.

Tlalochan was a Heaven of sensual delights, of rainbows, butterflies and flowers, was known as the place of fertility and of simple sensual and shallow pleasures. Souls spend only four years here before returning to the land of the living. Unless it strives for higher and nobler things while living, a soul is destined for this endless round of mortal life and Tlalocan.  

Although the dead were generally cremated, those who had died from one of the special illnesses or who had Those who died from drowning, or anything thought to be associated with water; or who had been struck by lightning were buried. Tlaloc bestowed on them an eternal and blissful life in his paradise, Tlalocan. So; being drowned as a sacrifice was a gift of eternal bliss.

In addition Tlaloc brought beneficial rain and fertile crops.  The elder sister of Tlaloc:  Huixtocihuatl, is the goddess of salt and is considered essential in preserving life.  His Sister Chalciuhtlicue, was a corn Goddess and and his wives were: the spring Goddess Xochiquetzal, who was kidnapped and taken to the underworld. Afterwards,  he married the Corn goddess of the fall harvest, Matlolcueitl, "The Lady of the Green Skirts." and was the father of Tecciztecatl. Together they brought fertile harvest.

For the people of Tlaloc; the direction of the rains Tlaloc sent were of special importance.

The western rain was red colored from the sunset. This rain represented the richness of autumn.

The southern rain was a rich blend of rain and summer fertility and considered a blessing. Was green , Tlaloc's color.

The eastern rain was a golden rain which fell lightly over the crops making the crops grow, a promise of life.

The north rain was a hail and thunder message from Tlaloc often bringing destruction. Snow and hail were thought of as representing the bones of the past dead.

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                                TLALOQUE or TEPICTOTON
                                        
                                                  "Attendants of Tlaloc"



The Tlaloque numbered Four, and represented the Four directions. They resided in the mountains, where rain and clouds are formed.  But had a place in the halls of the great palace on Tlalocan, 

The Tlaloque were the bearers of the rattlestaff (chicahualilizti), a type of digging stick "That Which Makes Things Strong". A signification of a male erect penis. When beaten on the ground, this stick was thought to produce rain and thunder. The gods of fertility, Xipe Totec and Cinteotl, were also known to carry this rattlestaff.  Correlation have been made between the staff and the tree called Chicahuazteotl, "The God of Vigor" ripeness?, which was worshiped by Quetzalcoatl.

The Tlaloque were not deities themselves.  But; were more like  devilish imps who served the rain god Tlaloc.  Some considered them to be earthly brothers of some of the corn goddesses.  But they were worshiped in special ceremonies during the sixteenth month of the Aztec calendar, (Dec. 11-Dec. 30), known as Atemoztli, meaning "The Descent of Water".   On Tlaloc's orders one of the Tlaloque would take a particular jug and pour it over the world, thunder was thought to be the sound of the jugs breaking.
                    QUETZALCOATL*

                              "the Feathered Serpent"

                                        "Precious Twin"

                                LORD of the DAWN




The"Milky Way" which, in Mesoamerica; was called the "Sky Serpent" represents the origin of all existence.  Quetzalcoatl is not the Serpent; but the one who emerges from the serpent,  as Venus rises from the morning horizon. The Moon and stars and Gods and Goddesses had their original origin with the Sky serpent.  

Birds, that fly free in the heavens, have particular relationship to the Gods.  Quetzalcoatl translates to plumed serpent. The  quetzal bird, native to  western  Guatemala and Mexico, was regarded as the most beautiful bird and called Quetzaltotolin, meaning "most precious".  The word quetzalli eventually came to mean "treasure, or precious". The word coatl came to mean "dragon" as well as "snake".  The symbol of this"feathered serpent" was Quetzalcoatl, meaning not just feathered serpent, but "most precious serpent"; and occasionally "twin", hence it could mean "Precious Twin".

Quetzalcoatl  was Lord of Hope and Lord of the Morning Star. Venus was an important astrological symbol and was called "Tlauixcalpantecuhtli", which means - Lord of the House of Dawn. The planet had two aspects and was shown and revered as two gods. One, as Morning Star, the kind,  Precious Twin, Quetzalcoatl; holding  the sun in the sky in the morning.

His dark twin Xolotl ruled Venus as the Eveningstar.  During the night. Xolotl pushed the sun into darkness. Travel under the night stars was considered dangerous where as to be under the morning star was good fortune.  Quetzalcoatl was no a god demanding sacrifice and the only sacrifices to Quetzalcoatl were during the time that Xolotl ruled over Venus.

These two gods represented polarity, like many others, however;  Quetzalcoatl and Xolotl  worked together for the benefit of mankind. 
He is always presented as benevolent although the God of twins and monsters. Legend has Quetzalcoatl and his twin brother Xolotl, descended to Hell and retrieving human bones. By dripping his blood onto the bones, human resurrection began.  Men are thereby children of Quetzalcoatl.

He was therefore the creator god, much like Christ, he represented resurrection. He taught men science, astronomy, mathematics  and the calendar and devised ceremonies.  He discovered corn, brought irrigation, building and all the aspects of civilization. He was  Lord of Healing and magical herbs, known as a symbol of thought and learning, the arts, poetry, and all things good and beautiful. Quetzalcoatl is a perfect representation of saintliness. His cult transformed into a nobility and only special (auto-sacrifices) selected from the Nobel classes were made to him, and then only in secret.  Quetzalcoatl is a very ancient god known to the Mayas and in the ancient Teotihuacan ruins. Most legends have him coming from the sky; but also emerging from the waters. His mother died during his birth and he was raised by his grandfathers.
(I gather in the heavens).

Quetzalcoat; like his counterparts: Kukulkan of the Maya and Viracocha of  the Incas was been both a real person and myth. It was the name of a deity, used as a royal title, the name of a legendary priest-ruler; and a title of high priestly office.  A series of nine different Toltec kings succeeded the original man/god all calling themselves Quetzalcoatl. 

In the legend of one king:

Quetzalcoatl was said to be the son of Camaxtli and Chimalma and he was born in Michatlauhco, "Fish Deeps".  

Another kings heritage was that Iztacmixcoatl with his sacred knife engaged Chimalma, Shield Hand, "The Naked Goddess", and impregnated her. Her son was to become Quetzalcoatl, who later was ruler in Tula.  

He was called: Yacacoliuhqui,  "He with the Aquiline Nose", and as Yacapitzahuac, "Pointed Nose".  He (and in some cases his 'men') was described as being a caucasian, bearded man. In some writings, as someone with white skin, hair on the face and beautiful emerald eyes.  Often portrayed with a black beard to represent age or as an old man; or depicted as an alert youth sitting at the feet of the "Old Ones".

Covering his mouth there is often a mask in the form of a bird's beak. The Quetzal bird provided the beautiful green tail feathers for the plumes of this god.  He wears about his neck a "Wind Jewell" made from a conch and his head was adorned with a jaguar bonnet or sometimes a small cap. A sharp bone protrudes from the headgear which flows the blood that nourishes his nahualli (spirit), the Quetzal bird.
                                Descent to Mictlan







At the heart of Aztec religion lay the belief that in the past the world had been created and demolished by the gods four times. At the end of each era the sun was destroyed and the earth depopulated . 

Quetzalcoatl, the feathered serpent god, and his twin
Xolotl
journeyed in the Fifth Sun, to the underworld  land of Mictlan, the lowest of the nine underworlds, ruled by the god of death; in order to restore humankind to life, from the bones of those who had lived in the previous four eras.

Quetzalcoatl approached the Lord of Mictlan, where he sat on his throne surrounded by spiders and owls. "I've come for the bones, the precious bones, the jade bones," said Quetzalcoatl. "Can I have them in order to populate the earth?" Only unwillingly did the Lord of Mictlan give his assent. "You may take away that which I guard so carefully on one condition -- that you parade four times around my throne blowing on this trumpet." And he handed Quetzalcoatl a conch shell that had no finger holes. But worms bored the fingerholes, and bees flew inside to make the sounds.

He was sent away for the night. But, Quetzalcoatl knew not to trust Death , and moved quickly to take the bones to leave.  But;  the Lord of Mictlan gave orders to recover the bones.

Quetzalcoatl brought forth  his nahual, (his spirit twin) as a trick. "Tell the Lord I'll leave the bones behind," Accordingly;  the nahual, looking like Quetzalcoatl, assured the Lord of Mictlan that the bones would be left behind; while Quetzalcoatl  was making his escape. To stop him, the Lord Death, ordered that a pit be dug in the fleeing god's path, and being startled by a covey of quail he fell into it. 

Those bones that weren't already shattered were pecked at by the quail. "This has not worked out well," said Quetzalcoatl to his twin. "What must be must be," replied Xolotl .  ( This is why humans come in all sizes)

Quetzalcoatl scooped up the bones and, once safely beyond the dead land, ground them up in a bowl. Together with other gods, he sprinkled them with his own blood, restoring them to life.

Thus humankind was born from the sacrifice of the gods themselves.  And this gift had to be repaid in the blood of sacrifice. Just as the cycle of all other life on earth; seasons of birth , death, and regeneration were seen as necessary to mankind.
Copyrite Notice 2002 RiviaJo  all Rights Reserved

This page was last updated on: 1/13/09

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